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Title: The genome and phenome of the green alga Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007 reveal adaptive traits for desert acclimatization
Authors: Nelson, David R. 
Khraiwesh, Basel 
Fu, Weiqi 
Alseekh, Saleh 
Jaiswal, Ashish 
Chaiboonchoe, Amphun 
Hazzouri, Khaled M. 
O’Connor, Matthew J. 
Butterfoss, Glenn L. 
Drou, Nizar 
Rowe, Jillian D. 
Harb, Jamil 
Fernie, Alisdair R. 
Gunsalus, Kristin C. 
Salehi-Ashtiani, Kourosh 
Keywords: Green algae - Environmental aspects;Algae products;Algae - Biotechnology;Algae - Metabolism
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: To investigate the phenomic and genomic traits that allow green algae to survive in deserts, we characterized a ubiquitous species, Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007, which we isolated from multiple locations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Metabolomic analyses of Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007 indicated that the alga accumulates a broad range of carbon sources, including several desiccation tolerance-promoting sugars and unusually large stores of palmitate. Growth assays revealed capacities to grow in salinities from zero to 60 g/L and to grow heterotrophically on >40 distinct carbon sources. Assembly and annotation of genomic reads yielded a 52.5 Mbp genome with 8153 functionally annotated genes. Comparison with other sequenced green algae revealed unique protein families involved in osmotic stress tolerance and saccharide metabolism that support phenomic studies. Our results reveal the robust and flexible biology utilized by a green alga to successfully inhabit a desert coastline
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