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Title: Binding of the Zn2+ ion to ferric uptake regulation protein from E. coli and the competition with Fe2+ binding: A molecular modeling study of the effect on DNA binding and conformational changes of Fur
Authors: Jabour, Salih 
Hamed, Mazen Y. 
Keywords: Fur;Iron box;DNA-binding proteins;DNA-protein interactions;Repressor proteins;Zinc site
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design
Abstract: The three dimensional structure of Ferric uptake regulation protein dimer from E. coli, determined by molecular modeling, was docked on a DNA fragment (iron box) and Zn2? ions were added in two steps. The first step involved the binding of one Zn2? ion to what is known as the zinc site which consists of the residues Cys 92, Cys 95, Asp 137, Asp141, Arg139, Glu 140, His 145 and His 143 with an average metal-Nitrogen distance of 2.5 A˚ and metal-oxygen distance of 3.1–3.2 A˚ . The second Zn2? ion is bound to the iron activating site formed from the residues Ile 50, His 71, Asn 72, Gly 97, Asp 105 and Ala 109. The binding of the second Zn2? ion strengthened the binding of the first ion as indicated by the shortening of the zinc residue distances. Fe2?, when added to the complex con sisting of 2Zn2?/Fur dimer/DNA, replaced the Zn2? ion in the zinc site and when a second Fe2? was added, it replaced the second zinc ion in the iron activating site. The binding of both zinc and iron ions induced a similar change in Fur conformations, but shifted residues closer to DNA in a different manner. This is discussed along with a possible role for the Zn2? ion in the Fur dimer binding of DNA in its repressor activity.
DOI: 10.1007/s10822-008-9251-2
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