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Title: Modeling, control, and numerical simulations of a novel binary-controlled variable stiffness actuator (BcVSA)
Authors: Hussain, Irfan 
Albalasie, Ahmad 
Awad, Mohammed 
Seneviratne, Lakmal 
Gan, Dongming 
Keywords: Actuators - Automatic control;Predictive control;Robotics - Human factors;Robots - Control systems
Issue Date: 11-Jan-2018
Publisher: Frontiers
Journal: Frontiers Robotics AI 
Abstract: This research work aims at realizing a new compliant robotic actuator for safe human-robotic interaction. In this paper, we present the modeling, control, and numerical simulations of a novel Binary-Controlled Variable Stiffness Actuator (BcVSA) aiming to be used for the development of a novel compliant robotic manipulator. BcVSA is the proof of concept of the active revolute joint with the variable recruitment of series-parallel elastic elements. We briefly recall the basic design principle which is based on a stiffness varying mechanism consisting of a motor, three inline clutches, and three torsional springs with stiffness values (K0, 2K0, 4K0) connected to the load shaft and the motor shaft through two planetary sun gear trains with ratios (4:1, 4:1 respectively). We present the design concept, stiffness and dynamic modeling, and control of our BcVSA. We implemented three kinds of Multiple Model Predictive Control (MPC) to control our actuator. The main motivation of choosing this controller lies in the fact that working principle of multiple MPC and multiple states space representation (stiffness level) of our actuator share similar interests. In particular, we implemented Multiple MPC, Multiple Explicit MPC, and Approximated Multiple Explicit MPC. Numerical simulations are performed in order to evaluate their effectiveness for the future experiments on the prototype of our actuator. The simulation results showed that the Multiple MPC, and the Multiple Explicit MPC have similar results from the robustness point of view. On the other hand, the robustness performance of Approximated Multiple Explicit MPC is not good as compared to other controllers but it works in the offline framework while having the capability to compute the sub-optimal results. We also performed the comparison of MPC based controllers with the Computed Torque Control (CTC), and Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). In future, we are planning to test the presented approach on the hardware prototype of our actuator.
Description: Article published in : Frontiers Robotics AI, June 2018, vol. 5, article 68
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