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Title: Secretory vesicles in live cells are not free-floating but tethered to filamentous structures : a study using photonic force microscopy
Authors: Abu Hamdah, Rania
Cho, Won Jin
Horber, J. K. H.
Jena, Bhanu P.
Keywords: Secretion;Cell physiology;Cytoplasmic filaments;Cytoskeletal proteins;Colloids
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Ultramicroscopy 106 (2006) 670–673
Abstract: It is well established that actin and microtubule cytoskeletal systems are involved in organelle transport and membrane trafficking in cells. This is also true for the transport of secretory vesicles in neuroendocrine cells and neurons. It was however unclear whether secretory vesicles remain free-floating, only to associate with such cytoskeletal systems when needing transport. This hypothesis was tested using live pancreatic acinar cells in physiological buffer solutions, using the photonic force microscope (PFM). When membranebound secretory vesicles (0.2–1.2 mm in diameter) in live pancreatic acinar cells were trapped at the laser focus of the PFM and pulled, they were all found tethered to filamentous structures. Mild exposure of cells to nocodazole and cytochalasin B, disrupts the tether. Immunoblot analysis of isolated secretory vesicles, further demonstrated the association of actin, myosin V, and kinesin. These studies demonstrate for the first time that secretory vesicles in live pancreatic acinar cells are tethered and not free-floating, suggesting that following vesicle biogenesis, they are placed on their own railroad track, ready to be transported to their final destination within the cell when required. This makes sense, since precision and regulation are the hallmarks of all cellular process, and therefore would hold true for the transport and localization of subcellular organelles such as secretory vesicles.
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