Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Superoxide dismutase and oxidase activities of copper(II) complexes of the anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen with imidazoles and pyrazole
Authors: Abu Hijleh, Abdullatif
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: The superoxide dismutase-like activities of a series of coordination complexes of copper were evaluated and compared to the activities of bovine erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (superoxide: superoxide oxidoreductase, EC in serum using the nitroblue tetrazolium chloride (NBT)-reduction assay and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. A 40% inhibition was observed for the initial rate of the NBT reduction by superoxide dismutase in serum, but more than 40% inhibition was achieved with CuSO4, Cu(II)-dimethylglyoxime, Cu(II)-3,8-dimethyl-4,7-diazadeca-3,7-dienediamide, Cu2[N,N'-(2-(O-hydroxy-benzhydrylidene)amino)ethyl]2-1,2-ethane dia mine), Cu(II)-(diisopropylsalicylate)2, Cu(II)-(p-bromo-benzoate)2, Cu(II)-(nicotinate)2 and Cu(II)-(1,2-diamino-2-methylpropane)2. The electron paramagnetic resonance technique of spin trapping was used to detect the formation of superoxide (O2-.) and other free radicals in the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system under a variety of conditions. Addition of the spin trapping agent 5,5-dimethylpyrroline 1-oxide (DMPO) to the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system in fetal bovine serum produced the O2-.-spin adduct of DMPO (herein referred to as superoxide spin adduct, DMPO-OOH) as the well known short-lived nitroxyl whose characteristic EPR spectrum was recorded before its rapid decay to undetectable levels. The hydroxyl radical (HO.) adduct of the spin trap DMPO (herein referred to as DMPO-OH) was detected to a very small extent. When CuSO4, or the test complexes of copper, were added to the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system in serum containing the spin trap, the yield of DMPO-OOH was negligible. In addition to their superoxide dismutase-like activity, CuSO4 and the copper complexes also behaved as Fenton-type catalysts as seen by the accumulation of varying amounts of the hydroxyl spin adduct DMPO-OH. Both the Fenton-type catalysis and the superoxide dismutase-like action of these compounds were lost when a chelator such as EDTA was included in the xanthine-xanthine oxidase incubation mixture. Addition of superoxide dismutase instead of the copper compounds to this enzyme system abolished the formation of superoxide adduct DMPO-OOH, and no hydroxyl adduct DMPO-OH was detected. This effect of superoxide dismutase remained unaltered by EDTA
Appears in Collections:Fulltext Publications

Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Jun 27, 2024


checked on Jun 27, 2024

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.