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|Title:||Incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity in three neonatal intensive care units in Palestine||Authors:||Akkawi, Mohammad T.
Shehadeh, Mohammad M.
Abu Shams, Amjaad N.
Al-Hardan, Doaa M.
Omar, Lara J.
Almahmoud, Omar H.
Qaddumi, Jamal A. S.
|Keywords:||Retrolental fibroplasia - Diagnosis - Palestine;Neonatal intensive care;Retrolental fibroplasia - Treatment;Retrolental fibroplasia - Risk factors - Palestine||Issue Date:||20-Aug-2019||Publisher:||BioMed Central Ltd. Springer Nature.||Source:||Akkawi MT, Shehadeh MM, Shams ANA, Al-Hardan DM, Omar LJ, Almahmoud OH, et al. Incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity in three neonatal intensive care units in Palestine. BMC Ophthalmology. 2019;19(1):189.https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1180-4||Abstract:||Background Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a serious vasoproliferative disorder that can affect extremely premature infants. It continues to be one of the most important preventable causes of blindness in children. Our study is aimed at finding the incidence of ROP and its association with some risk factors in Palestine. Methods From the 1st of January 2016 to 31st December 2016, a total number of 115 infants who met the criteria for ROP screening in three neonatal intensive care units were included in the study. The medical records of infants were reviewed retrospectively and multiple factors that may be associated with the development of ROP were collected manually. Results The incidence of ROP and severe type 1 ROP that require treatment was 23.5 and 11.3% respectively. After conducting univariate analysis of risk factors, statistically significant risk factors affecting the development of ROP in our study were: low gestational age, low birth weight, type of multiple gestation, the presence of affected sibling, low level of Hemoglobin at birth, respiratory distress syndrome, low Hemoglobin level, blood transfusion and days on oxygen supplements with either mechanical, non-mechanical methods or both combined. High bilirubin levels were found as a protective factor against the development of ROP. However, when a multivariate analysis was performed, only low gestational age, total days on oxygen supplement and high bilirubin levels were significant regarding the development of ROP. Conclusion The incidence of ROP is considered a relatively low percentage compared to neighboring countries that have higher levels of human development index. Statistically significant risk factors need to be considered when clinicians deal with premature infants.||Description:||Article published in Journal : BMC Ophthalmology (2019) 19:189||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11889/6025||ISSN:||1471-2415|
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