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dc.contributor.authorBorst, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorMahmoud, Nidal
dc.contributor.authorSteen, Peter van der
dc.contributor.authorLens, Piet N. L.
dc.descriptionEnvironmental Engineering Mahmoud,Nidal: . P,van der Steen N: ,Lens P. N. L.:en_US
dc.description.abstractUntreated sewage can contribute a significant proportion of urban groundwater recharge, via on-site sanitation facilities and sewer exfiltration. In the West Bank of the Palestinian Territories 94% of sewage is discharged untreated to the ground or surface waters. This has contributed to increasing nitrate concentrations in groundwater, which is the critical water source. In this case study of a drainage catchment from the city of Nablus, a water balance indicates that sewage as a source of groundwater recharge is as much as 50% of total recharge from precipitation, and nitrogen pollutant loads by area are up to 60% as much as those from agriculture. Results suggest that 22% of total wastewater flow directly infiltrates the ground via cesspits and sewer exfiltration
dc.subject.lcshwastewater - Management - Palestine
dc.subject.lcshGroundwater - Management - Palestine
dc.subject.lcshGroundwater - Pollution -- Palestine
dc.subject.lcshAquifer storage recovery - Palestine
dc.subject.lcshWater - Pollution potential - Palestine
dc.titleA case study of urban water balancing in the partly sewered city of Nablus-East (Palestine) to study wastewater pollution loads and groundwater pollutionen_US
dc.typeContribution in refereed journalsen_US
newfileds.general-subjectEnvironmental Engineeringen_US
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