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dc.contributor.authorKhayat, Saed
dc.contributor.authorHoetzl, Heinz
dc.contributor.authorGeyer, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorGhanem, Marwan
dc.contributor.authorAli, Wasim
dc.descriptionHoetzl,Heinz: Geyer,Stefan: Ghanem,Marwan: Ali,Wasim:en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study describes the impact of septic tanks on the groundwater quality of the shallow Pleistocene aquifer in Jericho area, Westbank, Palestine. Septic tanks are widely used for storage and disposal of sewage in the populated and agricultural city of Jericho. Routine hydrochemical tests for groundwater quality performed for several years identified the problem of a gradual nitrate increase, without pinpointing its definite sources. The geological formations of the Jericho area and the shallow nature of the Pleistocene aquifer, together with the mechanism of recharge, make the groundwater in this aquifer highly susceptible to contamination, particularly along sewers. The lithology of the Samara (high hydraulic conductivity) and the Lisan formation (low conductivity but increased infiltration along fractures) promote easy seepage of agricultural and anthropogenic inputs into the groundwater. Nitrate concentrations are elevated near septic tanks and animal farms, with nitrate values exceeding 74 mg/L. d15Nnitrate and d18Onitrate signatures suggest sewage and manure as the main sources of high nitrate concentration in the groundwater. Samples taken during the end of the dry season indicate that a slight denitrification in the aquifer
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagen_US
dc.subject.lcshWater quality management - Government policy - Palestine
dc.subject.lcshWater - Nitrate pollution - Prevention - Government policy - Palestine
dc.subject.lcshIsotope geology - Palestine
dc.titleIdentification of nitrate sources in groundwater by 15Nnitrate and 18Onitrate isotopes: a study of the shallow Pleistocene aquifer in the Jericho area, Palestine.en_US
newfileds.general-subjectGeosciences and Earth Sciencesen_US
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