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|Title:||Analysis of the PNA Social Budget|
|Abstract:||s study is intended to examine in depth the public finance of social budget allocations in Palestine. In order to suggest measures for improvement concerning the social allocations in general and to the child budget in specific. To accomplish this purpose, a depth analysis of social budget matters, trends and issues have been investigated during the different political stages in Palestine, especially in the era of the Palestinian Authority. The investigation process included various issues of public finance such as administrative, policies, and fiscal aspects. In addition, related laws, by-laws, procedures of public social services have been examined and analyzed. Structured interviews were conducted with relevant employees of public and non-profit organizations. Finally an intensive review of the related literature was considered. Public services are provided mainly by central government, however, other quasi government and non- profit organizations are participating significantly in offering social services. Accordingly, this paper included authorities, which play a role in one way or another in providing social public services. Public finance of social Affaires has been defined for the purpose of this study as public social services which are provided through government budget and other related bodies including semi- government institutions, nonT Nidal Rashid Sabri Analysis of the PNA Social Budget 3 profit organizations and other specialized agencies. The public social services are usually supplied either as a free or on subsidized bases. In most of cases, social needs for individuals are non-marketable services such as aids in emergency situations. While in other situations may be considered as collective consumption services. The UN manual of governmental budget for developing countries, classified the functions of the government expenditures into five groups. They are; public services (public management, defense, justice, and internal security) community services (roads, environment, public gardens, research, and other community services) welfare services, economic services (agriculture, energy, industry, transportation and communication), and nonallocated expenditures. The welfare services are divided into four sub-groups, including the education services, health services, social and other services. Therefore, social services are considered as part of welfare services, which include services, related to social security programs, women, childhood oriented programs, handicapped and elderly communities|
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