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Title: Child abuse in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory (WB/oPt): social and political determinants
Authors: Harsha, Nouh 
Lynch, Margaret A. 
Giacaman, Rita 
Keywords: Child abuse - Social aspects - West Bank - Palestine;Child abuse - Political aspects - West Bank - Palestine;Education levels - West Bank - Palestine;Child abuse - Prevention - West Bank - Palestine;Physical and emotional abuse of children - West Bank - Palestine;Parent and child - West Bank - Palestine;Psychic trauma in children - Political aspects - West Bank - Palestine;Political Violence - Social aspects - West Bank - Palestine
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Child Abuse Review
Abstract: Background: Child maltreatment is a global epidemic. It affects morbidity, mortality, social behavior, wellbeing, and quality of life of children. This study aims to assess prevalence of child abuse in the West Bank (WB) of the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) and to determine some of its social and political associated factors. Methods: We analyzed secondary data obtained from a cross sectional study conducted on a sample representing Palestinian children on the West Bank and using the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) tool. The ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool for parents (ICAST-P) questionnaire was completed by 1107 Palestinian mothers to estimate physical and emotional child abusive practices at home for children aged 0–12 years. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were performed using the SPSS® version 20 to assess prevalence and predictors of child abuse. Results: Overall, around 34% of the West Bank-children were abused by their mothers. Results of the logistic regression analysis indicated that male children, children of younger mothers, children whose fathers were with low levels of education, children whose mothers reported low levels of parental warmth, and children whose parents were exposed to political violence were at greater risk of being abused. Conclusions: Child abuse is highly prevalent among children of the Palestinian society in the West Bank. Policy makers need to pay more attention to this epidemic. The association between child abuse and political violence found in this study makes a just solution for Palestinians essential for improving the welfare of children and families.
DOI: 10.1002/car.2655
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