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Title: Comparison of the inter-item correlations of the big five inventory-10 (BFI-10) between Western and non-Western contexts
Authors: Park, Joonha 
Broek, Karlijn L. van den 
Navjot, Bhullar 
Ogunbode, Charles Adedayo 
Schermer, Julie Aitken 
Doran, Rouven 
Ardi, Rahkman 
Hanss, Daniel 
Maran, Daniela Acquadro 
Albzour, Mai 
Aquino, Sibele D. 
Ayanian, Arin H. 
Chegeni, Razieh 
Chukwuorji, JohnBosco Chika 
Enea, Violeta 
Ghanbarian, Elahe 
Ghorayeb, Jihane 
Jiang, Feng 
Kehinde, Ojewumi Aderemi 
Lins, Samuel 
Lomas, Michael J. 
Lu, Su 
Marot, Tiago 
Mbungu, Winfred 
Navarro-Carrillo, Ginés 
Onyutha, Charles 
Reyes, Marc Eric S. 
Salmela-Aro, Katariina 
Sollar, Tomas 
Tahir, Hajra 
Tan, Chee-Seng 
Torres-Marín, Jorge 
Tsubakita, Takashi 
Volkodav, Tatiana 
Wlodarczyk, Anna 
Yadav, Radha 
Keywords: BFI-10;Personality traits;Inter-item correlations;Omega coefficient;Brief scales;Western vs. non-Western countries
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Personality and Individual Differences
Abstract: The Big Five Inventory-10 (BFI-10; Rammstedt & John, 2007) is one of many short versions of personality inventories that measure the Big Five trait dimensions. Short versions of scales often present methodological challenges as a trade-off for their convenience. Based on samples from 28 countries (N=10,560), the current study investigated inter-item correlations estimated using Omega coefficients within each of the five personality characteristics measured by the BFI-10. Results showed that inter-item correlations were significantly lower, in the sample data from non-Western countries compared with the Western countries, for three of the five personality traits, specifically Conscientiousness, Extraversion, and Emotional Stability. Our findings indicate that the psychometric challenges exist across different cultures and traits. We offer recommendations when using short-item scales such as BFI-10 in survey research.
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2022.111751
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