Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: The-sphingosine1phosphate-lyase-LegS2-contributes-to-the-restriction-of-Legionella-pneumophila-in-murine-macrophagesPLoS-ONE
Other Titles: Amer, Amal O.
Authors: Abu Khweek, Arwa 
Kanneganti, Apurva 
Guttridge D., Denis C. 
Keywords: Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Lyase;Drinking water - Contamination;Legionnaires’ disease;Legionella pneumophila;Macrophages;Marine Toxins
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: L. pneumophila is the causative agent of Legionnaires’ disease, a human illness characterized by severe pneumonia. In contrast to those derived from humans, macrophages derived from most mouse strains restrict L. pneumophila replication. The restriction of L. pneumophila replication has been shown to require bacterial flagellin, a component of the type IV secretion system as well as the cytosolic NOD-like receptor (NLR) Nlrc4/ Ipaf. These events lead to caspase-1 activation which, in turn, activates caspase-7. Following caspase-7 activation, the phagosome-containing L. pneumophila fuses with the lysosome, resulting in the restriction of L. pneumophila growth. The LegS2 effector is injected by the type IV secretion system and functions as a sphingosine 1-phosphate lyase. It is homologous to the eukaryotic sphingosine lyase (SPL), an enzyme required in the terminal steps of sphingolipid metabolism. Herein, we show that mice Bone Marrow-Derived Macrophages (BMDMs) and human Monocyte-Derived Macrophages (hMDMs) are more permissive to L. pneumophila legS2 mutants than wild-type (WT) strains. This permissiveness to L. pneumophila legS2 is neither attributed to abolished caspase-1, caspase-7 or caspase-3 activation, nor due to the impairment of phagosome-lysosome fusion. Instead, an infection with the legS2 mutant resulted in the reduction of some inflammatory cytokines and their corresponding mRNA; this effect is mediated by the inhibition of the nuclear transcription factor kappa-B (NF-κB). Moreover, BMDMs infected with L. pneumophila legS2 mutant showed elongated mitochondria that resembles mitochondrial fusion. Therefore, the absence of LegS2 effector is associated with reduced NF-κB activation and atypical morphology of mitochondria
Appears in Collections:Fulltext Publications

Show full item record

Page view(s)

checked on Jun 27, 2024


checked on Jun 27, 2024

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.