Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Very long chain ceramides interfere with C16-ceramide-induced channel formation: A plausible mechanism for regulating the initiation of intrinsic apoptosis
Authors: Stiban, J. 
Perera, M. 
Keywords: Ceramides;Bioactive compounds;Sphingolipidoses;Sphingolipids - Metabolism;Very long chain fatty acid;Ceramide channel;Mitochondrial pathology;Mitochondrial apoptosis;Cytochrome c release
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Abstract: Mitochondria mediate both cell survival and death. The intrinsic apoptotic pathway is initiated by the permeabilization of the mitochondrial outer membrane to pro-apoptotic inter-membrane space (IMS) proteins. Many pathways cause the egress of IMS proteins. Of particular interest is the ability of ceramide to self assemble into dynamic water-filled channels. The formation of ceramide channels is regulated extensively by Bcl-2 family proteins and dihydroceramide. Here, we show that the chain length of biologically active ceramides serves as an important regulatory factor. Ceramides are synthesized by a family of six mammalian ceramide synthases (CerS) each of which produces a subset of ceramides that differ in their fatty acyl chain length. Various ceramides permeabilize mitochondria differentially. Interestingly, the presence of very long chain ceramides reduces the potency of C16-mediated mitochondrial permeabilization indicating that the intercalation of the lipids in the dynamic channel has a destabilizing effect, reminiscent of dihydroceramide inhibition of ceramide channel formation (Stiban et al., 2006).Moreover, mitochondria isolated from cells overexpressing the ceramide synthase responsible for the production of C16-ceramide (CerS5) are permeabilized faster upon the exogenous addition of C16-ceramide whereas they are resistant to permeabilization with added C24-ceramide. On the other hand mitochondria isolated from CerS2-overexpressing cells show the opposite pattern, indicating that the product of CerS2 inhibits C16-channel formation ex vivo and vice versa. This interplay between different ceramide metabolic enzymes and their products adds a new dimension to the complexity of mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis, and emphasizes its role as a key regulatory step that commits cells to life or death.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2014.11.018
Appears in Collections:Fulltext Publications

Show full item record

Page view(s)

checked on Jun 27, 2024


checked on Jun 27, 2024

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.