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Title: Evaluating wastewater-induced plant genotoxicity using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA
Authors: Swaileh, K.M. 
Ezzughayyar, A 
Hussein, Rateb 
Keywords: Biodiversity - Measurement;Genetic toxicology;Sewage;Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique;Avena sativa;Oats
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Environmental Toxicology
Abstract: Wastewater often contains genotoxic substances that can resist different stages of the treatment process. In the present study, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA technology was applied to evaluate the genotoxic effects of wastewater (treated and raw) irrigation on oat plants (Avena sativa). RAPD profiles obtained showed that both treated and raw wastewater (RWW) were having genotoxic effects on oat plants. This was apparent by the appearance/disappearance of bands in the treatments compared with the control plants. From the 15 primers used, 186 bands were obtained with an average of 12.4 bands per primer. Irrigating plants with RWW caused 51 new bands to appear and 19 to disappear. Treated wastewater (TWW) caused only 16 new bands and the loss of 17 bands. This makes TWW less genotoxic than RWW. The Euclidean distances shown on the dendrogram, revealed the presence of two clusters according to dissimilarity values. One cluster contained the control plants and those irrigated with TWW, whereas the second contained the plants irrigated with RWW. Similarity indices calculated between the treatments and the control plants showed that the control and the plants irrigated with TWW had a similarity index of 0.87, the control and plants irrigated with RWW 0.73 and between the treatments 0.75.
DOI: 10.1002/tox.20316
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