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Title: Modeling, Control, and Simulation of a New Topology of Flywheel Energy Storage Systems in Microgrids
Authors: Saleh, Aws 
Ghanem, Wasel 
Abdalkarim, Awad 
Keywords: Smart power grids;Energy storage - Simulation methods;Electric motors, Synchronous;Inverter;Microgrids (Smart power grids)
Issue Date: 4-Nov-2019
Publisher: IEEE Access
Journal: IEEE Access 
Abstract: The fluctuating nature of many renewable energy sources (RES) introduces new challenges in power systems. Flywheel Energy Storage Systems (FESS) in general have a longer life span than normal batteries, very fast response time, and they can provide high power for a short period of time. These characteristics make FESS an excellent option for many applications in future power Microgrids (MGs), in particular with integrated RES. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, a new topology of FESS in MGs is introduced, where the FESS is connected at the same DC-bus of the fuel cells and the Photovoltaic (PV) inverter instead of connecting it with a separate on-grid inverter. Fuel cells are connected at the bus to help the FESS to operate as Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) system for longer periods by using the same power electronics components. Not only this topology is cost-effective, but also it allows higher PV penetration levels due to regulating the power flow by the flywheel and it is also more efficient than the traditional topology due to the shortest path of power flow. Second, a detailed simulation model of MGs with FESS is developed. This simulation model makes it possible to explore different scenarios including connected and isolated status of MGs with high levels of PV penetration. The simulation results demonstrate the ability of FESS to withstand changes in the load, PVs and wind, and the ability to provide electricity even when an interruption from the utility grid occurs. Additionally, the common on-grid inverter has been exploited to compensate the reactive power and hence improve the power factor inside the MG.
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951029
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