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Title: Dynamics and Bifurcation of a Second Order Rational Difference Equation with Quadratic Terms
Authors: Saleh, Mohammad 
Hirzallah, Shahd 
Keywords: Equilibrium points;Stability;Period-doubling;Bifurcation
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Journal of Applied Nonlinear Dynamics
Abstract: We study some results concerning dynamics and bifurcation of a special case of a second order rational difference equations with quadratic terms. We consider the second order, quadratic rational difference equation xn+1 = α +βxn−1 A+Bx2 n +Cxn−1 , n = 0, 1, 2, ... with positive parameters α, β, A, B, C, and non-negative initial conditions. We investigate local stability, invariant intervals, boundedness of the solutions, periodic solutions of prime period two and global stability of the positive fixed points. And we study the types of bifurcation exist where the change of stability occurs. Then, we give numerical examples with figures to support our results.
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