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Title: Landscape change in Ramallah—Palestine (1994–2014
Authors: Nazer, Samar 
Abughannam, Rana 
Khasib, Sara 
Keywords: Landscape change - Ramallah - Palestine - History - 1994-2014;Land use - Ramallah - Palestine - History - 1994-2014;Land cover - Ramallah - Palestine - History - 1994-2014
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: The Palestinian landscape has always been subjected to dynamic processes of change. This article examines the landscape change in Ramallah city during the last 20 years by analysing two aerial photographs from two periods—1994 and 2014—to create land cover maps which illustrate the change in different landscape classes in the city. The article aims to quantify the landscape change in the specified periods using GIS and FRAGSTATS analysis, and to identify and explain spatial patterns of the landscape, taking into consideration the political, social, and economic circumstances. The results reveal a considerable change and fragmentation. The main change is an increase in the built-up area at the expense of a decrease in the permanent trees and scrub areas. This change, due to the occupation policies, is a reflection of many indicators, including population growth, migration, and an economic boom in the construction sector
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