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Title: Assessment of rainwater harvesting systems in poor rural communities: A case study from Yatta area, Palestine.
Authors: Al-Batsh, Nibal
Khatib, Issam
Ghannam, Subha
Anayah, Fathi
Jodeh, Shehdeh
Hanbali, Ghadir
Khalaf, Bayan
van der Valk, Michael
Keywords: Rainwater harvesting - Yatta - Palestine;cisterns;Water quality - Yatta - Palestine;Yatta - Palestine - Social conditions;Water storage tanks - Design and construction;Yatta - Palestine - Economic conditions
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland.
Source: Al-Batsh, N., Al-Khatib, I.A., Ghannam, S., Anayah, F., Jodeh, S., Hanbaly, G., Khalaf, B., van der Valk, M. (2019). Assessment of rainwater harvesting systems in poor rural communities: A case study from Yatta area, Palestine. Water 2019, 11, 585; doi: 10.3390/w11030585. Publisher: MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland.
Abstract: Yatta is a town located nine kilometers south of Hebron city in the West Bank of Palestine. The town houses over 100,000 people of which 49% are females and has a population that doubles every 15 years. Yatta has been connected to a water network since 1974 serving nearly 85% of its households. The water network is old and inadequate to meet the needs of the population. Water supply made available to the area is limited, estimated at 20 L/capita/day. Residents are thus forced to rely on water vendors who supply water that is 400% more expensive with a lower quality compared to municipal water. Therefore, rainwater harvesting is a common practice in the area, with the majority of households owning at least one cistern. Rainwater harvesting is of great socio-economic importance in areas where water sources are scarce and/or polluted. In this research, the quality of harvested rainwater used for drinking and domestic purposes in Yatta was assessed throughout one year. A total of 100 samples were collected from cisterns with an average capacity of 69 m3, which are adjacent to cement-roof catchment areas of 145 m2 average surface area. Samples were analyzed for a number of parameters including temperature, pH, alkalinity, hardness, turbidity, total dissolved solids, NO3, NH4, chloride and salinity. Results showed that most of the rainwater samples were withinWorld Health Organization (WHO) and Environment Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines for chemical parameters. Microbiological contents such as total Coliforms and faecal Coliforms bacteria were tested. The research also addressed the impact of rainwater harvesting systems on different socio-economic attributes of the local community through a questionnaire that had been filled out before any sample was collected.
Description: ARTICLE
Appears in Collections:Institute of Environmental and Water Studies

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