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Title: Enhancing recognition of obstetric anal sphincter injuries in six maternity units in Palestine : an interventional quality improvement study
Authors: Ali-Masri, Hadil
Hassan, Sahar
Ismail, Khaled
Zimmo, Khaled
Zimmo, Mohammed
Fosse, Erik
Vikanes, Ase
Laine, Katariina
Keywords: Perineum - Wounds and injuries;Anus - Diseases;Anus - Wounds and injuries
Issue Date: Jun-2018
Publisher: BMJ Open
Abstract: Objective To explore the impact of a training intervention on obstetric anal sphincter injuries’ (OASIS) detection rate. Design Prospective quality improvement interventional study. Setting Six secondary and tertiary maternity units in Palestine. Population Women having singleton vaginal births ≥23weeks’ gestation or babies weighing ≥500 g (n=22 922). Caesarean births (n=5431), multiple gestations (n=443) and vaginal births of unregistered perineum status (n=800) were excluded. Interventions Training programme for enhancing OASIS detection was conducted between 31 January and 31 December 2015. International experts delivered 2-day standardisation workshop teaching OASIS diagnosis and repair to each maternity unit. They also provided additional training to three research fellows employed in three of the maternity units. This was followed by 13-week period of data collection (phase 1). Research fellows then delivered training intervention over 15-week interval (phase 2), including theoretical teaching and ‘onsite’ training in perineal trauma assessment within the six maternity units. Finally, 13-week postintervention observation (phase 3) followed. Primary outcome measure OASIS rates were used as surrogate for OASIS recognition. OASIS rates were compared between different phases and between the two maternity unit groups (research fellow and non-research fellow based) using Pearson’s χ² test. Results A total 22 922 women were included. Among primiparous women, OASIS rate was higher in phase 2 (2.8%, p<0.001) and phase 3 (3.1%, p<0.001) than phase 1 (0.5%). However, no significant differences were detected in the rates of severe OASIS (third-degree 3c and fourth-degree tears) between phase 1 and 2 (0.5% vs 0.3%), because this would have required at least 103 women with severe OASIS to be included in each phase. Among parous women, OASIS rate was significantly higher in phase 2 (0.6%, p=0.002) but not in phase 3 (0.4%, p=0.071) compared with phase 1 (0.2%). Research fellows’ maternity units showed higher OASIS rates among primiparous women in phase 2 (3.6% vs 1.4%, p=0.001) and phase 3 (4.3% vs 0.8%, p<0.001) than non-research fellows’ maternity units
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