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Title: Assessment of a roughing filtration as a pre-treatment for slow sand filtration
Authors: Yassin, Mohammad
Mahmoud, Nidal
Ghebremichael, Kebreab
Petrusevski, Branislav
Keywords: Water - Purification - Filtration
Pre-treatment Water quality
Organic water pollutants
High turbidity
Water - Purification - Coagulation
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: Desalination Publications
Citation: Yassin M., Mahmoud N., Ghebremichael K., Petrusevski B., 2017. Assessment of a roughing filtration as a pre- treatment for slow sand filtration of canal water with highly variable feed water turbidity. Water Treatment and Desalination, 79, 221-227.
Abstract: The slow sand filtration plant (SSF) that produce drinking water for the refugee camp at Aqbat Jaber in Jericho (Palestine) is taken out of operation frequently during the rainy season due to the excessively high feed water turbidity. To allow continuous operation of SSF, the suitability of a pre-treatment process based on 4 layer upflow roughing filters (RFs), with optional coagulation using ferric chloride, was assessed at filtration rates of 0.5 and 1.5 m/h. The RFs without coagulant addition, at both filtration rates, effectively reduced turbidity of feed water from about 90 NTU to <20 NTU. Lower filtration rate resulted in lower filtrate turbidity. The major turbidity removal was attained in the bottom 20 cm layer of the filter column. Very high turbidity of feed water (800–1000 NTU) could be reduced to values acceptable for SSF (<20 NTU) with coagulation supported RF (Fe3+ dosage 9 mg/L ) that operated at filtration rate of 0.5 m/h.
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