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Title: Superoxide dismutase activity of doubly bridged copper (II) acetate complexes with N-methylimidazole, azide and chloride
Authors: Abu Hijleh, Abdullatif
Keywords: Superoxide dismutase - Therapeutic use;Copper compounds - Structure-activity relationships;Organometallic compounds
Issue Date: 14-May-1998
Publisher: Society of Free Radical Research
Abstract: Cu,Zn-Superoxide dismutase is one of the metalloenzymes that catalyzes the dismutation of the superoxide anion. It protects the living cells from several diseases which are caused by this toxic anion, including inflammation, aging, and cancer. The direct utilization of this natural enzyme as a pharmaceutical agent poses many problems. So considerable efforts have been made in order to obtain stable, nontoxic, and inexpensive low molecular weight biomimetic molecules which are able to catalyze the dismutation of superoxide anion and therefore to provide theraOutic applications. We report here the characterization and SOD mimetic activity of four Binuclear copper(II) acetate complexes with N-methylimidazole, azide and chloride. Spectral and magnetic data for N-methylimidazole adduct. [Cu2(0Ac)4(N-MeIm)41.6H20 (1) are consistent with its dinuclear structure containing two distorted square-pyramidal CuN202 + 0 chromophores. The copper atoms are connected by two acetates act as monodentate bridging ligands. The data for the mono-azide adduct, [CU2(0Ac)3(N3)(N-MeIM)41.4H20 (2), the bis-azide adduct. [Cu2(0Ac)2(N3)2(N-Melm)41.4H20 (3), and the chloride adduct, [Cu2(OAc)3 (C1)(N-MeIm)41. 4H20 (4),, are consistent with Binuclear structure and similar to that for complex (1), except the azide or chloride ions replaced one of the two terminal acetate ligands. (2) and (4), or the two terminal acetate ligands, (3). The reactivity of these complexes toward superoxide has been investigated using the indirect xanthine-xanthine oxidase-nitroblue tetrazolium method and compared to that of the native Cu, Zn-SOD enzyme. The IC50/11M values are : 0.18 (I) , 0.12 (V. 0.43 (3) 0.110) , and 0.04 for the enzyme.
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