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Title: Effects of the Callipyge Phenotype on Serum Creatinine, Total Cholesterol, Low-Density Lipoproteins
Authors: Abdulkhaliq, Ahed
Keywords: Epigenesis;Lambs - Physiology;Meat - Quality
Issue Date: 1996
Abstract: The goals of this study were to investigate the effects of the callipyge (CLPG) phenotype on serum creatinine and lipid profiles of growing lambs. Preliminary studies in our laboratories indicated that creatinine may have utility in distinguishing the CLPG phenotype and that expression of the CLPG gene altered concentrations of serum total cholesterol (TC). As a result, in this study, we examined the influence of the CLPG gene on concentrations of creatinine, TC, very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), high-density lipoproteins (HDL), and triacylglycerol (TG) at varying stages of maturity in lambs. Ten homozygous (c/c) Polypay ewes were crossed with Dorset rams heterozygous for the CLPG gene (C/c).From this cross, 20 lambs (13 females and 7 males)were born, of which 11 were homozygotic (c/c) and 9 were heterozygotic (C/c; CLPG) based on muscle weights and longissimus dorsi (LD) area at slaughter. Blood samples were taken at monthly intervals and serum lipid constituents were assayed. At 1 mo of age, no differences ( P > .05) in plasma lipids were detectable between phenotypes. However, at 2 mo of age, CLPG lambs had higher ( P < .01) concentrations of TG, TC, HDL, and VLDL compared to homozygotic (c/c) lambs. Triglycerides and VLDL were elevated ( P < .05) in CLPG lambs at 3 mo of age. By slaughter, no differences ( P > .05) in serum lipid constituents were Ř©detectable between genotypes. Hence, the increase in serum TC is due to elevated levels of HDL and VLDL. These observations indicate that creatinine may be used to distinguish CLPG lambs and that the CLPG gene alters serum lipid profiles during the postnatal period
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