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Title: Non-communicable diseases in the Arab world
Authors: Abdul Rahim, Hanan 
Sibai, Abla 
Hwalla, Nahla 
Fadhil, Ibtihal 
Alsiyabi, Huda 
Mataria, Awad 
Mendis, Shanthi 
Mokdad, Ali H. 
Husseini, Abdullatif 
Khader, Yousef 
Issue Date: Jan-2014
Publisher: ResearchGate
Abstract: According to the results of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, the burden of non-communicable diseases (cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung diseases, and diabetes) in the Arab world has increased, with variations between countries of diff erent income levels. Behavioural risk factors, including tobacco use, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity are prevalent, and obesity in adults and children has reached an alarming level. Despite epidemiological evidence, the policy response to non-communicable diseases has been weak. So far, Arab governments have not placed a suffi ciently high priority on addressing the high prevalence of non-communicable diseases, with variations in policies between countries and overall weak implementation. Cost-eff ective and evidence-based prevention and treatment interventions have already been identifi ed. The implementation of these interventions, beginning with immediate action on salt reduction and stricter implementation of tobacco control measures, will address the rise in major risk factors. Implementation of an eff ective response to the non-communicable-disease crisis will need political commitment, multisectoral action, strengthened health systems, and continuous monitoring and assessment of progress. Arab governments should be held accountable for their UN commitments to address the crisis. Engagement in the global monitoring framework for non-communicable diseases should promote accountability for eff ective action. The human and economic burden leaves no room for inaction
Description: Abla,Sibai:American University of Beirut Khader,Yousef:Jordan University of Science and Technology Awad,Mataria:World Health Organization WHO
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